West European art of 17-19 centuries

31 dezembro 2015

The Rostov museum of the fine arts exhibits a remarkable collection of the West European art which ornament are P.P. Rubens, M. Preti, D. Karpioni, Ya. De Bang's works...

As fine addition of an exposition arts and crafts works serve. Refined and distinguished German, French porcelain of 18-19 centuries, West European sculpture.

Painting of Holland differs in an obvious originality. — The small sizes of pictures of the Dutch masters, aspiration to realistic transfer of world around attract attention. "Small Dutches" approved system of picturesque genres: landscape, household picture, still life.
Flanders — the southern part of the Netherlands which after revolutionary events of the end of the XVI century remained protectorate of Spain and adjoined the Catholic world. One of the most considerable painters of Flanders Pieter Paul Rubens is considered.

Italian baroque. The term "baroque", on one of versions, comes from Portuguese "barroca" — "a pearl of the wrong form", or from Italian "barocco" — "elaborate, excessive". Works of the Neapolitan and Roman masters of baroque style are represented in a collection.

Italian classicism. Classicism and baroque arose on a similar basis, as a result of the general interest in mythological scenes and antiquity. However classicism proceeded from the requirement to find accurate forms to which art practice would submit; I put accents much in chaos, on the reason overcoming passions. The most considerable art academy arose in Bologna.

The classicism which became the spokesman of ideas of national unity, a reasonable and fair society organization, debt of the person to the state was the leading direction in art.

The French plasticity of the XVIII century is presented in the museum by creativity of her bright representatives — Guillaume Cousta and Claude Michel nicknamed Klodion.

The German art of the XVII century was under strong influence of foreign schools. In shattered into a set of principalities, the country dominant positions were taken by court and aristocratic art in which the major role was played by smart decorative effect and idealization of images. Aristocratic tastes were especially brightly shown in art of a portrait.

Till the 18th century porcelain was brought from China; in Europe know-how of porcelain was opened by Johann Gottfried Bettger. Production of porcelain was for the first time organized in Saxony, in Meysen (Mayssana).


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