Matveevo-Kurganskiy District

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Administration

346970, Rostov region, village M.Kurgan, 1st Pyatiletka st., 108.
Phone number: (86341) 3-11-64.

 

Geographic Outline

Matveevo-Kurganskiy District is situated to the west of Rostov region and boarders with Rodionovo-Nesvetayskiy, Neklinovskiy and Kuybyshevskiy districts, and with the Ukrainian Donetsk region. The customs control checkpoint is located in village Avilo-Uspenka.

The district administrative center is village Matveev Kurgan, founded in 1780. The distance from the village to Rostov-on-Don is 90 km, to Taganrog – 45 km, to Bataysk – 109 km, to Azov - 122 km; to the region centers of Krasnodar – 394 km, to Volgograd – 548 km, to Moscow – 1129 km.

History

The history of the settlement, the district originated from, dates back to ancient times. The Don Steppe territories were united with Russia by Peter the Great after the military campaigns of 1695-1696. The village Matveev Kurgan was founded by the Don Cossacks Army ataman A.I. Ilovayskiy in 1780. Before the revolution of 1917, the district territory was a part of the Don Cossack Army Taganrog province. In 1924, the Taganrog province was excluded from the Ukrainian territories and united with the southeastern part of Russia.

March 7, 1923 is the date of the Matveevo-Kurganskiy District official establishing.

Economics

The district enterprises are represented by grain, dairy, meat, sunflower producing industries, including:

  • 23 agricultural cooperatives,
  • 433 farms,
  • 9 industrial enterprises,
  • 4 transportation and communication enterprises,
  • 8 engineering firms,
  • 2 utilities entreprises,
  • 42 commercial trade enterprises.

Transportation

Matveevo-Kurganskiy District has a highly developed transportation infrastructure. Its territory is crossed by two republic motorways “Rostov-on-Don - Donetsk”, and “Rostov-on-Don – Krinichnyi Lug”, with the total extension of 82,6 km; and regional motorways “Sambek - Matveev-Kurgan – Kuybyshevo – Snezhnoe (to the Ukrainian boarder)”, “Matveev-Kurgan – Avilo-Uspenka (to the Ukrainian boarder)”. Besides, the district territory is covered by 137,3 km of district motorways and by 47,3 km of rural roads.

The district has a developed railway communication, represented by two large railway stations Matveev Kurgan and Uspenskaya.

The distance from Matveev Kurgan to the Taganrog seaport and airport is 45 km, to the Rostov-on-Don river port – 90 km.

Social sphere

The district administrative center has branches of higher and secondary educational institutions: Rostov State University of Economics (since 1992), Rostov Transportation College (since 1996). Other social sphere institutions are represented by 52 educational institutions, 60 cultural institutions, 30 healthcare institutions.


Interesting places in Matveevo-Kurganskiy District in the map of the region

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