Razdorskoye I, the late Stone Age – the Middle Ages, V century b.c. – X century a.c.
In spring 1981, a high long-lasting flood washed away the Don River right bank and uncovered a large ancient cultural layer to the north of the Cossack village Razdorskaya. The location was discovered by the local lore scientists for the first time in the middle of the 1950th.
The archeological team, headed by T.D. Belanovskaya, carried out the monuments search in 1959 and studied the accidentally discovered burial places of the Middle Bronze epoch.
The capacity of the Razdorskoye I (Krasny Yar) layers section consists 5.5-6 m and includes the following layers sequence:
1 – The late Stone Age, the so called “shell culture”,
2-3 – the early Eneolithic of the “mariupol” type layers, 4-6 – developed Eneolithic layers, 7 – the late Eneolithic of the “Constantine” type layer, 8 – the early Bronze of the “Repin” type layer, 9 – the middle Bronze of the “catacomb” type layer, 10-12 – the late Bronze layers, 13 – the early Iron Age layer (IV-III centuries b.c.), 14 – Salto-Mayatskaya culture and 15 – the Cossack village layer (XIII-XIX centuries).
Razdorskoye II, Non-Ceramic late Stone Age, VII-V centuries b.c., the ancient people settlement
The archeological monument was discovered in 1984 by B.Y. Kiyashko and researched by the Rostov State University Razdorskoye archeological expedition in 1989-1990.
The ancient people settlement was located at the foot of the high Don terrace, in front of the northern part of island Gostevoy. Its cultural layer, 1 m. wide, consists of alternating stratifications of shells, loamy sand, burning and sand. The archeological monument peculiarity is traces of the large-scale tectonic catastrophe that resulted in the large part of the coast territory subside after water escape or landslide, creating incline of the primary layers, including the cultural one, on-the-miter of 40 degrees to the horizon, with the descent leading back to the river.
The Shell Steep Bank (Rakushechny Yar), late Stone Age – Eneolithic VII-III centuries b.c.
The cultural layer was discovered during the research of the Stone Age period finds to the northwest coast of the Porechny Island, near the Cossack village Razdorskaya, the territory, that is called the Shell Steep Bank (Rakushechny Yar). The first materials were collected at the site in 1959; the regular archeological research of the monument began since 1960. The research works were carried out in 1961-1966, 1968, 1971, 1976, 1977 and 1979.
In the research process, the scientists discovered a unique gathering of cultural layers. The authentic and vast material, collected at the Rakushechny Yar settlement allowed to separate a “shell period” in the archeological culture.
The burial places of the hole, catacomb, felling cultures, two burials referring to Salto-Mayatskaya culture and one burial of the Polovtsian period were discovered at the archeological research site in 1994. The Bulgarian burial place was discovered there earlier. The scientists managed to mark out the upper layer and connect it with the Cossack period in the Don land history.
This archeological finds allow tracing the ancient history of the Cossack village development.