The Taganrog Museum of Art collection is one of the most interesting in the South of Russia. A.P. Chekhov was one of its founders. The first displays were the paintings and graphics donated to the museum by the painters and social activists. The Academy of Art, due to the active participation by A.P. Chekhov and I.E. Repin, donated masterpieces by famous Russian artists to the museum. The Taganrog citizens especially cherish the painting “Father”, presented to the museum collection by the artist K.A. Savitzkiy, who was born in Taganrog.
The museum Art section formed the basis of an art gallery, opened in 1968, and in 1975, the gallery was relocated in a beautiful old mansion, erected in the middle of 19th century. The gallery exposition was presented there in 1977, after the building restoration.
In the 1960th-1990th, the gallery funds were enriched by outstanding works by K.E. Makovskiy, I.I. Levitan, V.A. Serov, K.A. Korovin, I.E. Repin, G.G. Myasoedov, G.G. Chernetsov, V.D. Polenov, S.Y. Sudeykin, R.R. Falk, etc. The gallery art collection reflects Russian art in the various stages of its development.
The museum has a rich art collection of the first and second half of the 19th century.
The works by local painters D.M. Sinodi-Popov, S.I. Blonskaya, A.N. Leontovskiy, B.N. Kubitskiy add special coloring and peculiarity to the Museum of Art exposition.
In 2003, the art gallery was reorganized into the Taganrog Museum of Art. At present, the museum funds own over six thousand outstanding samples of icon painting, graphics, sculpture, applied arts articles. Still, the Taganrog Museum of Art featuring exposition is dedicated to the collection of Russian art school at the end of 18th beginning of 20th century. The unique museum collection was presented among the twenty five collections of other leading regional museums in the Federal exhibition project “The Golden Map of Russia.” Fifty six art masterpieces of 17th-20th century from the Taganrog Museum fund were displayed at the State Tretyakov Art Gallery in Moscow.