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Zverevo


Administration

3346311, Rostov region, Town of Zverevo, Obukhova st., 14.
Phone number: (86355) 4-20-40.

 

General information and Geographic Outline

Town of Zverevo is the East Donets Basin industrial centre, situated 120 km away from Rostov-on-Don. It territory area is 32.3 thousand km2. The town population is 26.6.thousand people.


1. Brief historical information about the city and its interesting places.
 
Future city of Zverevo arose in the middle of the Wild field. A boundless steppe zone of Donets Ridge, the highest point of the Rostov region - +260 m above sea level.
 
The city of Zverevo, the youngest of city districts of the Rostov region, is located in east part of Donets Ridge in 110 km to the North from Rostov-on-Don. The area of the territory of Zverevo makes 31,21 sq.km.
 
In borders of the city there is a farm Labour, not being municipality.
 
In the city two SKZhD railway stations settle down.
 
In the city of Zverevo for 01.01.2015 population is made by 22 121 persons.
 
We find the first mention of future city in "The alphabetic list of the occupied places of Army of Donskoy" for 1819. Then in the spring Sotnik Ilya Zverev submitted the application to the ataman of Army of Donskoy: "... on marked prosimy by a sotnik Ilya Zverev a place, lying at a beam Maple a yak nobody busy and free to move from the present farm and to have there an allowance. For a sotnik Zverev consists at the farm of peasants the revizskikh of a muzhsk of a floor of 5 souls" which then was satisfied. There was the Cossack settlement.
 
In Zverevo 1869-1870 the Kursk and Kharkov and Rostov railroad, in 1871 – Kozlovo - Voronezh and Rostov, in 1875 – Growth and Vladikavkaz, in 1878 – Zverevo-Debaltseve was constructed. Railway construction gave an impetus to settling of the territories adjacent to railway stations. Zverevo's station was called by the name of a sotnik of Zverev on which lands it was constructed. The railroad was the main enterprise where worked to the zverevchena where life was concentrated.
 
The main richness of the Zverevsky area - coal. Local Cossacks around the Grachyovsky Beam found coal way out to a surface and got in the manual way "combustible kamenye" for heating of dwellings. In the middle of Xixveka in the Gukovo-Zverevsky area there are first "mousetraps" - primitive mines adits with manual coal mining. In 1866 - 1869 the Russian mining engineers Zheltonozhkin, Vasilyev and Antipov carried out surveying works in east part of Donets Ridge (the region of an arrangement of Obukhovskaya mine) both made and published the first card of layers.        
 
However passed more than hundred years before experts became interested in these deposits. Detailed research of the Zverevsko-Gryaznovsky coal area were begun by Geological committee in 1905 and lasted up to 1908. But the first mines in the Zverevsky area appeared much later.
 
On September 13, 1937 the Azovo-Chernomorsky edge was divided into the Rostov region and Krasnodar Krai. The Zverevsky area was a part of the Rostov region.
 
Zverevo is a place of fighting glory in days of the Great Patriotic War. In July, 1942 the settlement of Zverevo was occupied by fascist aggressors, more than seven months occupation lasted. 137 Guards regiment of the 47th division of guards released Zverevo.
 
In 1946 Zverevsky prospecting expedition (GRE) will be organized. It prepared the Zverevsky field under mine construction. In the late forties in close proximity отЗверево there are two superficial mines - No. 17/21, No. 17/22.
 
In the 1950th years rather large mines are under construction: "Zverevskaya-Zapadnaya No. 1", "Zverevskaya-Zapadnaya No. 2", "Zverevskaya-Vostochnaya No. 1", "Zapovednaya-Severnaya". In 1961 the mine, fatal for Zverevo, – "Zverevskaya-Vostochnaya No. 1" is put in operation.
 
In 1965 grandiose construction of the mine, largest in Eastern Europe, – "Obukhovskaya-Zapadna began.
 
Construction of Obukhovskaya-Zapadnaya mine was declared by All-Union shock building.
 
On December 28, 1978 the giant mine is put in operation. It began to be called "Mine of the 60 anniversary of Lenin Komsomol".
 
The concentrating factory received the name – "TsOF of the 60 anniversary of USSR".
 
Perestroika time – the period of miner's strikes. On June 19, 1989 coal mining was stopped, only works on life support of mine were performed. This year was memorable also to that on October 31 Zverevo became the city. On December 21, 1991 the Charter of the city was adopted.
 
2. List of hotels and other collective means of placement:
 
The hotel is located at the address: Russia, Rostov region, Zverevo, st. of Obukhovo, 50, ph.: +7 (961) 298-3389, head: YIP Kapustinga Margarita Aleksandrovna, number of rooms – 10.
 
The hotel is focused on business people who appreciate comfort, reliability and excellent quality. The prices are rather low, considering proximity to the downtown and a good site. A row located various shops, cafe. To services of guests the cozy numbers equipped with all necessary for comfortable accommodation. In all numbers the refrigerator, the LCD TV (satellite television), a bathroom.

 

3. List of travel agencies.

 

 
Pink Elephant travel agency, it is located at the address: Mr. Zverevo, st. of Obukhovo, 35a, ph.: +7-909-419-09-08.
The shop "Hot permits", is located at the address: Mr. Zverevo, Zverevo, st. of Obukhovo, 35, ph. +7 (928) 138-38-23
 
4. List of objects of food
 
  • Pizzeriya snackbar, quantity of seats – 50, the address: Mr. Zverevo of Ivanovskaya St., 13, head: Yip Kalyn Z.P.
  • Turist snackbar, quantity of seats – 60, the address, Mr. Zverevo, Sovetskaya St., 157, the head: director of JSC Avel Dolzhenko P. V.
  • Domino snackbar, quantity of seats – 50, the address: Mr. Zverevo, Makarenko St., head: managing director Ilyina E.A.
  • B-59 snackbar, quantity of seats – 20, the address: Mr. Zverevo, Ostashenko St., 2, head: director of JSC Zver Lelyavina Yu.V.
  • Ogonek snackbar, quantity of seats – 30, the address: Mr. Zverevo, Sovetskaya St., 87, head: director of JSC Dantist Zazulyak A.K.
  • Melnitsa snackbar, quantity of seats – 50, the address: Mr. Zverevo, Rizhskaya St., 7b, head: Yip Mielnikowa A.Yu.
  • White Sail snackbar, quantity of seats – 30, the address: Mr. Zverevo, Sovetskaya St., 89, head: director of JSC Lider Petrenko T.N.
  • Laura snackbar, quantity of seats – 60, the address: Mr. Zverevo, st. of Obukhovo, 7th head: Yip Poxiwengko T.A.
  • Snackbar, quantity of seats – 20, the address: Mr. Zverevo, st. of Obukhovo, 50, head: YIP Kapustinga M. A. Takzhe in the city located network shops "Magnit" (st. of Obukhovo, 35, Kolesnikova, 7, Soviet, 47a); "Pyaterochka" (st. of Obukhovo, 16, Riga, 5), "Allsorts" (st. of Obukhovo, 47a).
5. List of sights, including objects of tourist visit
 
The main street of Zverevo – st. of Obukhovo
 
The street is called in honor of the geological prospector of Obukhovo. The most important richness of our city – coal. Inquisitive Russian rudoznatets, the son of the serf, Grigory Kapustin managed to find it. In 1721 he found way out of coal layers in the valley of the small river Kundryuchya. However passed more than hundred years before experts became interested in these deposits. There is a legend: "On the instructions of Strum's English businessman the geological prospector Obukhov carried out additional exploration of the Zverevo-Gryaznovsky coal area, it opened a large-scale deposit of qualitative anthracite. Strum planned to put large mine in the Zverevsky area, but World War I and October revolution prevented".
 
Railway station
 
In December, 1878 on the map of the Russian Empire there was Zverevo's station. It was called by the name of a sotnik of Zverev, the grandson Ilya Zverev on which lands it was constructed, according to his persistent requirement.
 
On December 14, 1878 is the second Birthday of the modern city of Zverevo. After all opening of railway station gave an impetus to settling of nearby territories. New samanny houses were built. By the beginning of their XX century was a little more hundred. At station the pumping station for gas station of engines was constructed, the stone building of the station is built.
 
On April 23, 1887 Zverevo's station was visited by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. The writer was surprised: there is a building of the railway station, and around – continuous steppes. At station Zverevo Anton Pavlovich wrote the letter to the sister Maria Pavlovna Chekhova: "on April 23 1887god, Zverevo 3 o'clock in the morning. Again I sit in Zverevo to go to Novocherkassk to a wedding. I consider minutes … I have slowly tea, I start talking to passengers, I read a calendar for doctors, but from it time doesn't seem well. On Saturday again to Kravtsov and again to wait for 9 hours per Zverevo."
 
In the summer of 1904 Zverevo was honored with the presence by the autocrat Russian Nikolay 2. On August 15 at our station solemn farewell of the Russian emperor to the Cossacks of the fourth Don division leaving on Russian-Japanese war took place.
 
Dokukin I.A. Square. - military burial. Two mass graves with memorial ensemble in the territory of burial 1920 and 1943. Tomb of the pilot Hero of the Soviet Union I. A. Dokukin.
 
In 2009 reconstruction was carried out it. On a mass grave the plate with surnames of 15 soldiers, among which the guardsmen of 47 divisions exempting our city from fascist aggressors lies. Also memorial plate with surnames of civilians of the dead during occupation of the city is a part of memorial ensemble.
 
Obukhovskaya mine office
 
The main richness of the city of Zverevo - coal. The city-forming enterprise of the city - JSC Obukhovskaya Mine Office which extracts the coal which doesn't have analogs in Europe. A share of output of JSC Obukhovskaya Mine Office - 86,2% of total amount of the shipped goods, works, services of the city by large and medium-sized enterprises.
 
Memorable sign to I. A. Dokukin
 
100_5828pamyatny the sign established in 2010 – the model of the military plane is an exact copy of that car on which the Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Arkhipovich Dokukin flew. The plane was made specially at the Shakhty aircraft repair plant.
 
Onboard as if the plane of 22 stars soaring over the earth – certificates of victories of Ivan Dokukin in battles. During the Great Patriotic War he made 55 fighting departures.
 
Memorable sign to the lost miners
 
On December 27 at 11.00 on the eve of the 30 anniversary of Obukhovskaya mine on I. Dokukin Square opened a monument to the lost miners.
 
Officials, representatives of the enterprises, city institutions, public organizations, the Cossacks, the Don union of youth, pupils of schools, miners gathered on Dokukin Square.
 
The mayor Mr. Zverevo A.N. Chumakov opened a ceremony. The right to open a monument was granted to chairmen of trade-union committees of Obukhovskaya mine S. V. Miller and to A.A. Sergeyev.
 
Memorable sign to liquidators of Chernobyl accident
 
Opening of a monument took place on April 25 on the memorial square. The mayor Mr. Zverevo A.N. Chumakov opened a ceremony.
 
84 zverevchanin were directed on elimination of consequences of accident to the city of Pripyat. For honest work of "courage" three our fellow countrymen were awarded the order, many have salvages of the perishing.
 
Memorable sign to soldiers to internationalists and participants of local wars of the XX-XXI century of century.
 
On May 15, in day to the 21st anniversary of the beginning of a withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, on I. Dokukin Square opening of a monument to soldiers to internationalists and participants of local wars of the XX-XXI century of century took place.
 
The right and honor to open a monument was provided to soldiers paratroopers, participants of peacekeeping mission in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict A. Paputko and V. Zagidullin, and then the prior Sacred and Nikolskoy of the temple the father Alexander made a ceremony of consecration of a monument.
 
Monument "To soldiers – railroad workers"
 
The monument to soldiers-zheleznodorozhnikampamyatnik "to Soldiers – railroad workers" is located on the square of the railway station of the city of Zverevo. It was erected by working activists of office of the All-Russian society of protection of historical and cultural monuments, in 1965. The architect is unknown.

 

Memorial plate at Zverevo's station

 

 
The memorial board was opened in связис by the 60 anniversary of the Soviet power according to the decision of the Hookean Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies of February 2, 1977.
 
The text on a marble board: "In December, 1905 at Zverevo's station there took place strike the zverevskikh of railroad workers in support of the first Russian revolution. Revolutionary speech of workers was cruelly suppressed".
The board is made of marble, the text of an inscription is covered with susatny gold.
 
Memorial plate on 47th Gvardeyskoy Divizii St.
 
The memorial plate was open in 1977, by the decision of the Hookean Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies of March 2, 1977 and is attached on the building.
 
The text on a marble board: "The street is called in honor of the 47th Guards shooting Division which exempted the settlement of Zverevo from fascist aggressors on February 13, 1943"
 
Memorial plate on Malyshev St.
 
The memorial plate on Malyshev St. was open in connection with the 60 anniversary of the Soviet power on the house No. 21.
 
The text on a marble board: "The street is called in A. I. Malysheva-komandir's memory 137 гв. the shooting regiment of the 47th Division of guards taking part in release of the settlement of Zverevo from fascist aggressors on February 13, 1943"
 
Memorial plate on Ostashenko St.
 
The memorial plate on Ostashenko St. was open in 1977. Also it is attached on the building of high school No. 17 (nowadays high school No. 2).
 
The text on a marble board: "The street is called in memory of the Hero of the Soviet Union F.A. Ostashenko – the commander of 47th Gv. the shooting Division exempting the settlement of Zverevo from from fascist aggressors on February 13, 1943".
 
Molodezhny Boulevard
 
On June 26, 2009 on the eve of the Youth Day opening of Molodezhny Square took place. In the territory of the square there is "A dream tree" where everyone can make a wish and to leave a multi-colored ribbon on its metal branches. It enjoys special popularity at newlyweds. 
 
Kolesnikov Boulevard
 
On November 3, 2009 in our city opening of Kolesnikov Boulevard took place.
 
On August 22, 2012 the ceremonial opening of a monument to founders of the city of Zverevo took place. The honourable right of opening of a monument was presented to the Mayor Zverevo Alexander Nikolaevich Chumakov and the ataman of public organization "Zverevsky Cossack Circle" Sergey Konstantinovich Semenchuk.

5.05. 2015 the special event which occurred within celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War took place. On P. Ya. Kolesnikov Street Avenue the ceremonial opening of a monument to the participant of the Great Patriotic War, to the full gentleman of an award of Glory Pyotr Yakovlevich Kolesnikov took place.
 
Memorable sign: To "The graduates 25 railway schools who were lost during the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945"
 
To the lost school students (шк No. 25) the Memorable sign "To the graduates of railway school No. 25 who left on the Great Patriotic War and didn't come back" has a form of a diamond-shaped wall 2,5 meters high. It is put from a brick and it is plastered, the base 1 meter high.
 
In the top part of a monument the five-pointed star, is lower years 1941-1945. On a wall the marble memorial plate with the following text is attached: "Remember these terrible years. Undying glory to the lost Graduates of school No. 25 of the Art. of Zverevo"
 
Memorial board of memory of D. M. Kalabukhov
 
On February 13, 2015 in 11.00 h. at Zverevo's station "North Caucasian railroad" the festive event - opening of the Memorial Board of memory of Dmitry Mitrofanovich Kalabukhov took place.
 
Dmitry Mitrofanovich - was born at Zverevo's station, was the outstanding organizer of railway transport of the Soviet Union, the general director of the movement 2 ranks, the first secretary of the Zverevsky cell of the Russian Communistic Union of Youth, the chairman of local committee of station Zverevo, the participant of the Great Patriotic War, the honourable railroader of the USSR, and in 2013, to Dmitry Mitrofanovich the rank "The honourable citizen Zverevo" is posthumously given.
 
6. List of the centers of rest and entertainments: parks, beaches, squares, clubs, athletic fields and another (the name and the address, an e-mail address, the address in the Internet networks, contact phones).
 
The quantity of sports constructions for 2014 makes 37 units, including: 21 plane constructions, 8 gyms, 1 shooting gallery, and also 7 other sports constructions.
 
In Federal property there is 1 plane construction (football field GKOU RO of orphanage "Pearl").
 
In property of the territorial subject of the Russian Federation - 1 football field and 1 gym of professional school No. 64.
 
In a private property - 1 gym of boxing sports club "Rusich".
 
In municipal property all other sports constructions.
 
In 2014 the multipurpose sports ground, within "Gazprom children" for games in basketball, volleyball and five-a-side is built, in MBOU SOSh No. 2 opened gymnastic and training halls, after reconstruction the boxing sports club "Rusich" also opened.
 

 


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